Common Mistakes Made
by Saltwater Aquarists
By being aware of the mistakes that are most often made by other
aquarists, they can be avoided. Therefore, here is our list of what
we consider to be the Seven Cardinal Sins of Saltwater Aquaria Keeping.
- Moving Too Fast
is a requirement with just about anything that you do with a saltwater
aquarium. Far too many people report problems after they have
put a tank together, because they are just moving too fast! Far
too often we have read aquarists comments like, "I need test
kits? What for and what kind"? And, this is after they have
had a tank for some time.
A high percentage of people do not take the time to read and study
up on the hobby BEFORE getting started. One of the other top mistakes
of moving too fast is "overloading" a tank with too
much livestock and/or live rock all at once, especially when a
tank has not fully cycled, or doing so within days of cycle completion.
Even in well a established tank, adding too many critters too
fast can cause a puzzling problem called new tank syndrome. Slow
down!! Saltwater aquaria keeping is NOT a timed event, so take
it easy and work on your patience skills!
- Misdiagnosing Diseases & Over Medicating
- When it comes to diagnosing diseases, saltwater ich is the biggest
problem. It is easy to confuse Oodinium (Amyloodinium ocellatum
- a.k.a. Marine Velvet or Coral Fish Disease) with White Spot
Disease (Cryptocaryon irritans). They are similar, but two quite
different types of saltwater ich, and each responds to different
types of treatment. Using the wrong medication to treat these
diseases can be fatal. It is important to learn how to properly
diagnose and treat these parasites, as well as other diseases.
The Fish Disease Trouble Shooter can help you make the right diagnosis.
As far as using medications, way too often one or more remedies
are just thrown at a problem without knowing what it is. We feel
that medications should only be used when necessary, and whenever
possible, only in a Quarantine Tank using a remedy that "targets"
the problem you actually have.
- Inadequate Filtration - Having sufficient
biological filtration is the one of the keys to success in keeping
a saltwater aquarium. There are a number of filtration methods
to choose from, but not making the right filter selection for
the bio-load planned for your tank can lead to a wide variety
of problems. It is always better to have too much biological filtration,
rather than too little.
- Livestock Incompatibility - Email messages
with statements such as my wrasse ate my hermit crab, or my tangs
just won't get along are all too common. Purchasing livestock
without researching whether or not they will peacefully reside
with other tank mates can lead to dead or injured critters, as
well as stress related diseases. Use common sense; learn about
the compatibility of critters before putting them together!
- Purchasing Livestock Without Knowing What
They Are and How To Care For Them - It is amazing how many
people select new additions for their tank without even knowing
what they are and how to feed them. If an LFS sales person can't
tell you about an animal in their store, especially its dietary
requirements, as well as demonstrate that it is eating before
you buy it, then run, don't walk to the nearest exit. Don't buy
on impulse. Take the time to learn about an animal you want to
buy, BEFORE doing so! The Fish Care by Species Index was designed
to make this job a little easier.
- Purchasing Fish in Poor Health - One
of the easiest things to do when selecting a critter is to determine
whether or not it is healthy. In a simple phrase: most sick fish
don't eat. Once again, always have your LFS sales person show
you that a fish is eating before purchasing it. On your part,
learn how to recognize the symptoms or outward signs of common
illnesses so you know what to look for when inspecting livestock
- Lack of Performing Routine Tank Maintenance
Tasks - Well maintained tanks seldom experience high nitrate
levels, bacterial outbreaks, or other common tank problems. Therefore,
to avoid the common pitfalls that may stem from this area, we
strongly advise following a regular maintenance routine.
Of course there are many other areas where aquarists make mistakes,
but we feel that this list pretty much covers a majority of the
most common ones made. By taking advice from those that have been
there, you'll save yourself a lot of headaches and frustration
in the long run.
If you want to set up a saltwater aquarium and
keep your "sins" to a minimum, you might want to go to
Setting Up an Aquarium in 10 Easy Steps.